Impact Assessment

Profit Zambia Impact Assessment, by DAI for USAID, 2010

    PROFIT began in 2005 with an initial funding level of $15 million, including $5 million for local grants. The Cooperative League of the USA (CLUSA) implements the project on behalf of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID). International Development Enterprises (IDE) and the Emerging Markets Group (EMG) participated as sub-contractors.

    The overarching goal of PROFIT is to increase multi-sector growth to ensure poverty reduction at the household level. PROFIT‘s activities aim to strengthen connections within selected value chains to increase the provision of inputs and services to farmers with the objective of improving productive output and quality, thereby increasing enterprise and household incomes. PROFIT works with lead firms and communities to develop agent networks to reach rural areas lacking sufficient supplies of inputs and services. This entails demonstrating the value of these inputs and services to rural consumers and helping lead firms shift from a high-margin, low-volume orientation to a structure that also supports low-margin, high-volume smallholder clients.

    The impact assessment attempted to measure the results of project interventions using a mixed-method (quantitative plus qualitative) approach.

    Methods for info gathering
    The quantitative part of the impact assessment included a baseline survey of 919 program clients and 620 non-clients conducted in August-September 2006 and a follow-up survey of the same clients and non-clients in November 2008. It also utilized a field assessment of farmer involvement with PROFIT undertaken in 2010 and related to the 2007-2008 growing season. The quantitative data gathering and analysis was complemented by qualitative research that consisted of in-depth key informant interviews and focus group discussions with selected value chain actors as part of both the baseline and the follow-up research.