Market Assessment

Live animal and meat export value chains for selected areas in Ethiopia: constraints and opportunities for enhancing meat exports, 2008

    Despite the reported high livestock population in Ethiopia, the major meat and live animal exporters are complaining of shortage of supply and inferior quality of animals (especially shoats). Using the method of Rapid Market Appraisal (RMA) this study characterizes live animal and meat export value chains to determine the major factors contributing to supply shortage and to provide recommendations for enhancing the efficiency of meat export from Ethiopia.

    Summary of results
    The main challenges in the structure and functioning of the livestock marketing system identified by the study include:

    • reliance on supply derived from non-market oriented livestock production system,
    • lack of a well-coordinated livestock supply chain that links many producers and buyers,
    • problems in the acquisition system of abattoirs,
    • lack of mechanism for abattoirs to regularly monitor their purchasing system,
    • problem of access to untapped areas (for instance Borena and Bale zones) which arecharacterized by poor road infrastructure,
    • insecurity and frequent clan conflicts in pastoral areas,
    • unavailability of water and feed resources in the trekking routes,
    • lack of efficient mechanism for delivering market information to the producers and traders at local markets on issues related to seasonal prices, demand, and quality requirements in different markets, and
    • lack of partnership and linkages (team working from producers to processors).

    The major recommendations derived from the findings and conclusions of this study are:

    • establishing purchase points in supply markets,
    • strengthening the transportation link in areas with poor road infrastructure,
    • establishing efficient and accessible market information system,
    • establishing holding grounds in lowlands and carrying out uninterrupted livestock purchases,
    • strengthening the local conflict resolution institutions,
    • upgrading the marketing/management skills of livestock producers and their cooperatives,
    • exploiting the traditional clan based livestock marketing systems,
    • structuring participatory market supply chains,
    • developing and adopting a unified livestock pricing system in the supply chain, and
    • developing and disseminating research output on improving reproductive efficiency,nutrition, production management practices and slaughter management and chilling techniques for highland shoats.