Rural Electrification in Mali through Local PSD, 2007

    Only ten percent of Mali's 12 million inhabitants have access to electricity, a figure that goes down to two to three percent in rural areas where appliances are powered by car batteries and kerosene lamps, and where candles are used for lighting. Koraye Kurumba and Yeelen Kura are two Rural Energy Services Companies (RESCOs) created in 1999 and 2001 in two areas of rural Mali. The companies were created by France's electricity company EDF, in partnership with the Dutch energy company NUON, the French TOTAL and with the support of the French Agency for the Environment and Energy Efficiency. The provision of low-cost electricity, based on solar home systems or small low-voltage village micro-networks supplied by diesel generators, resulted in undeniable development impacts, such as enhancing standards of living, favoring the development of income-generating activities, and improving quality of healthcare and education. Backed by a new institutional framework and international donors, the model - designed to ensure profitability, sustainability, replicability and local ownership - is to be expanded beyond the 24 villages and 40,000 people it currently serves.